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The biggest single damage to the skin is from the sun. Exposure to ultraviolet or UV radiation from the sun in the form of UVA and UVB rays can have an effect on skin pigmentation, creating so-called age, sun or liver spots (nothing to do with the liver) which are small, brown, freckle-like spots usually occurring on the face, but also extending to the arms and decolletage or chest area on women, which is often exposed to the sun due to low necklines. These are actually called actinic lentigines. Treatments seek to improve or remove the appearance of the pigmentation blemishes. Protecting your skin from sun damage using a broad-spectrum sunscreen with a high SPF (Sun Protection Factor) used daily is also recommended.
The use of chemical peels to soften and improve the appearance of skin dates back to the ancient Egyptians. Today, scientists have identified numerous forms of acid which can be used to treat skin.
Cosmetic skin camouflage is the art of concealing a discolouration, blemish or scar with the application of specialist camouflage creams that are matched to the surrounding skin tones.
Dermabrasion is a surgical procedure which aims to “resurface” the skin. It uses a machine to remove the outer layer of the skin or epidermis and then the top third part of the dermis of the skin.
Advanced Cosmetic Procedures (ACP) is a new name for "Advanced Electrolysis". ACP uses either Short Wave Diathermy or Blend to treat unwanted skin blemishes, such as warts, skin tags, moles and other benign growths, as well as thread veins and vascular conditions with no mark left on the skin.
Unlike ablative and non-ablative lasers Fractional Laser Skin Resurfacing (Fractional Photothermolysis) only damages small zones within a target area, causing fractional trauma and quicker recovery.
Laser, Intense Pulsed Light (IPL), Light Heat Energy (LHE) and Light Emitting Diode (LED)technologies have been developed to treat a variety of skin problems including sun damage effects and wrinkles.
Laser and light technologies have been developed to treat people with a variety of different skin problems including pigmented (skin colour, birthmark) and vascular (vein) problems.
Laser skin resurfacing involves the removal of the outer layer of the skin using an ablative laser to improve the appearance of sun damaged skin or acne scars, lines, wrinkles, and pigment changes.
Microdermabrasion helps improve the texture and appearance of the skin using a stream of fine micro particles which partially removes the outermost layer of the skin and stimulates new cell growth.
Plasma skin resurfacing (PSR), available from the NeoGen Plasma Skin Regeneration System, uses the energy source of plasma to deliver heat to a targeted treatment area to achieve skin rejuvenation without effecting the surrounding tissues.
Plasma Sublimation or Soft Surgery allows the treatments of the signs of ageing and skin complaints, without actually cutting the skin. It can be used for non-surgical eyelid reconstruction (blepharoplasty), removing lines around the mouth, improvement in the appearance scars and treating a number of skin imperfections.
SPF, UVA, UVB? All too confusing? Dermatologists recommend daily use of a broad-spectrum (covering a wide range of wavelengths) UVA and UVB sunscreen with a Sun Protection Factor (SPF) of at least 15.
3JUVE from Lynton Lasers combines three of the most popular, non-invasive anti-ageing technologies for the three main symptoms that ageing skin can exhibit: lines/wrinkles, discolouration and a loss of firmness.
Agera Rx skin peels have been developed to treat ageing, acne and pigmentation. The peels deliver a stable form of Salicylic, L-ascorbic and Lactic acid.
Using the Compositum peel range can visibly diminishes the look of fine lines and wrinkles, and areas of hyperpigmentation. It can also be used to improve the appearance of acne scars.
CosMedix™ Peels use a process called ‘chiral correction’, making the majority of the active ingredients that they use less irritating.
Dermaceutic chemical peels are a medical peel. Depending on the peel, they may contain glycolic acid, salicylic acid, lactic acid, trichloroacetic acid (TCA) or mandelic acid.
The Discovery Pico and Pico Plus (PICO SERIES) picosecond laser for tattoo and pigmented lesion removal features a dual-wavelength 532nm frequency doubled Nd:YAG (KTP) laser and a 1064nm Nd:YAG, both capable of picosecond and nanosecond output.
Developed in the US, by leading dermatologist, Dr Carl Thornfeldt, the Epionce Peels are formulated for all skin types. Epionce skin peels use a combination of malic and salicylic acids, along with botanical extracts which have anti-bacterial and anti-inflammatory properties.
The Fraxel™ SR machine was launched in the USA at the end of 2004. The current Fraxel range includes three fractional lasers - two for non-ablative treatments and one for ablative treatment; Fraxel Re:fine™, Re:store™ (also available as Re:store Dual) and Re:pair™.
Green Peel®, created by Christine Schrammek in the early 80s in Germany is a superficial green herbal peel treatment consisting of a blend of natural (unspecified) herbs.
The Innovation Concept Peel, ICP is a peel treatment (salicylic acid, hydroquinone, kojic acid, phytonadione) for the elimination of all sorts of skin problems including freckles, age spots and scars.
Using the Jan Marini regimen, glycolic acid - derived from cane sugar, you'll see healthier, younger-looking skin. It visibly diminishes the look of fine lines and wrinkles.
The combination of superficial peeling agents in Jessner's Solution, lactic acid, salicylic acid, resorcinol and ethanol has been used for a number of years.
Launched in the UK in September 2005, Mandel are a unique range of peeling products containing the natural ingredient mandelic acid (derived from bitter almonds).
Using an MD Forte ® regimen, glycolic acid - derived from cane sugar, you'll see healthier, younger-looking skin. It visibly diminishes the look of fine lines and wrinkles.
Mene & Moy chemical peels are a medical peel and can only be carried out by trained doctors and nurses. They should not be confused with very mild glycolic peels available from beauty therapists.
Using a Neostrata peel regimen, you'll see healthier, younger-looking skin. Nesotrata peels can be used on the face, the neck, the chest and the hands.
Blue Peel significantly improves skin tightness and reduces fine lines, wrinkles, acne scars, large pores and hyperpigmentation.
The Pearl™ YSGG laser is the first of its kind to use a 2790nm wavelength to improve the appearance of wrinkles, uneven texture, age spots and sun damage with minimal downtime.
Phenol peels are not very commonly used, but can be very effective, in experienced hands, as a skin resurfacing method for reducing the appearance of deeper lines and wrinkles.
PicoSure by Cynosure was the world’s first picosecond laser indicated for the removal of tattoos and benign, pigmented lesions, such as age spots.
PicoWay Picosecond Laser System by Syneron Candela is a dual-wavelength picosecond laser with both fractional and non-fractional capabilities for removing tattoo ink or natural pigment in the skin.
The Pixel 2940 laser device uses fractional ablative technology aimed at rejuvenating aged and sun damaged skin with less downtime than is associated with traditional ablative laser skin resurfacing.
The Plasma IQ utilises the fourth state of matter: Plasma, used for a treatment method called plasma sublimation. It is used to improve lines and wrinkles, scars and stretch marks, as well as non-surgical blepharoplasty.
The Plexr soft surgery system uses the fourth state of matter, plasma, and is marketed for use as a non-surgical blepharoplasty, or soft eyelid surgery.
SkinCeuticals Gel Peel is ideal for those people who want to prep their skin prior to a more invasive peel. They can help to treat acne, dry skin, fine lines and wrinkles, photodamage and ageing skin.
Skintech Peels are a medical peel and can only be carried out by trained doctors and nurses. They should not be confused with very mild and gentle glycolic peels available from beauty therapists.
The Perfect Peel is founded on a key anti-ageing ingredient never before used in a chemical peel: Glutathione. It can be used on all skin types and requires no pre-peel skin preparation.
The Theraderm Peel is a superficial Jessner's solution chemical peel comprised of resorcinol, lactic acid, and salicylic acid.