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Facial scarring caused by acne or chickenpox are very common in both men and women and depending on the type, severity and quantity of scarring can affect the individual’s self-esteem. Acne scarring is most often of an atrophic type, meaning that it is indented into the skin, leaving little pits. Many women use camouflage make-up to hide acne scarring on their cheeks and become very self-conscious about it. Other scarring caused by illness, accident or other surgical treatment can also be bothersome and upsetting, especially in the case where something hasn’t healed the way it should have and produces a red, raised scar, known as a keloid scar, more common in those with darker skin types. Individual scars and broad scarring from acne can be improved with a variety of non-surgical treatments.
The use of chemical peels to soften and improve the appearance of skin dates back to the ancient Egyptians. Today, scientists have identified numerous forms of acid which can be used to treat skin.
Dermabrasion is a surgical procedure which aims to “resurface” the skin. It uses a machine to remove the outer layer of the skin or epidermis and then the top third part of the dermis of the skin.
Unlike ablative and non-ablative lasers Fractional Laser Skin Resurfacing (Fractional Photothermolysis) only damages small zones within a target area, causing fractional trauma and quicker recovery.
Laser, Intense Pulsed Light (IPL), Light Heat Energy (LHE) and Light Emitting Diode (LED)technologies have been developed to treat a variety of skin problems including sun damage effects and wrinkles.
Laser skin resurfacing involves the removal of the outer layer of the skin using an ablative laser to improve the appearance of sun damaged skin or acne scars, lines, wrinkles, and pigment changes.
Until recently, topical preparations and oral medications, including antibiotics, have been used almost exclusively to combat acne. Now laser & light-based technologies and photodynamic therapy had been shown to improve acne.
Medical Skin Needling, also referred to as Collagen Induction Therapy and Micro-Needling is aimed at stimulating the body’s own collagen production to reduce the appearance of fine lines and wrinkles.
Microdermabrasion helps improve the texture and appearance of the skin using a stream of fine micro particles which partially removes the outermost layer of the skin and stimulates new cell growth.
Plasma skin resurfacing (PSR), available from the NeoGen Plasma Skin Regeneration System, uses the energy source of plasma to deliver heat to a targeted treatment area to achieve skin rejuvenation without effecting the surrounding tissues.
Common scars that affect many people include acne and chicken pox scars. Less common raised, red scars known as keloid scars or atrophic scars where the scar tissue is sunken away from the level of the normal skin surrounding it are able to be treated with the application of various products.
3JUVE from Lynton Lasers combines three of the most popular, non-invasive anti-ageing technologies for the three main symptoms that ageing skin can exhibit: lines/wrinkles, discolouration and a loss of firmness.
Agera Rx skin peels have been developed to treat ageing, acne and pigmentation. The peels deliver a stable form of Salicylic, L-ascorbic and Lactic acid.
BioSkin Jetting is a precise, non-ablative treatment method for targeting lines and scarring using a medical technique called subscision. BioSkin Smoothing uses electrical micro-current in addition. The controlled trauma caused initiates a healing reaction and the formation of new collagen to minimise the imperfection.
The Collagen P.I.N. (Percutaneous Induction Needling) device is an automated micro-needling device. It is designed to treat a wide variety of issues, including fine lines and wrinkles, skin ageing, pigmentation, uneven skin tone, acne scars, and stretch marks.
Using the Compositum peel range can visibly diminishes the look of fine lines and wrinkles, and areas of hyperpigmentation. It can also be used to improve the appearance of acne scars.
CosMedix™ Peels use a process called ‘chiral correction’, making the majority of the active ingredients that they use less irritating.
Dermaceutic chemical peels are a medical peel. Depending on the peel, they may contain glycolic acid, salicylic acid, lactic acid, trichloroacetic acid (TCA) or mandelic acid.
Dermapen™ has the claim of being the original device that started the revolution in automated pen-like devices in the medical skin-needling world. It is used for a treatment referred to as medical skin needling, collagen induction therapy, percutaneous collagen induction, micro-needling or simply electronic dermarollering.
The Dermatix® range includes silicone gel and silicone sheet products aimed at preventing and reducing the appearance of scarring.
The eDermastamp™ or eDS™ Skin Rejuvenation is used for a treatment referred to as medical skin needling, collagen induction therapy, percutaneous collagen induction, micro-needling or simply electronic dermarollering.
Developed in the US, by leading dermatologist, Dr Carl Thornfeldt, the Epionce Peels are formulated for all skin types. Epionce skin peels use a combination of malic and salicylic acids, along with botanical extracts which have anti-bacterial and anti-inflammatory properties.
The Fraxel™ SR machine was launched in the USA at the end of 2004. The current Fraxel range includes three fractional lasers - two for non-ablative treatments and one for ablative treatment; Fraxel Re:fine™, Re:store™ (also available as Re:store Dual) and Re:pair™.
The Genuine Dermaroller™ device is marketed for the treatment of Medical Skin Needling or Collagen Induction Therapy.
Green Peel®, created by Christine Schrammek in the early 80s in Germany is a superficial green herbal peel treatment consisting of a blend of natural (unspecified) herbs.
The Innovation Concept Peel, ICP is a peel treatment (salicylic acid, hydroquinone, kojic acid, phytonadione) for the elimination of all sorts of skin problems including freckles, age spots and scars.
Using the Jan Marini regimen, glycolic acid - derived from cane sugar, you'll see healthier, younger-looking skin. It visibly diminishes the look of fine lines and wrinkles.
The combination of superficial peeling agents in Jessner's Solution, lactic acid, salicylic acid, resorcinol and ethanol has been used for a number of years.
Kelo-Cote is a patented topical silicone gel for the management and prevention of abnormal scars in the form of hypertrophic and keloid scars resulting from general surgical procedures, trauma, wounds and burns.
Launched in the UK in September 2005, Mandel are a unique range of peeling products containing the natural ingredient mandelic acid (derived from bitter almonds).
Using an MD Forte ® regimen, glycolic acid - derived from cane sugar, you'll see healthier, younger-looking skin. It visibly diminishes the look of fine lines and wrinkles.
Mene & Moy chemical peels are a medical peel and can only be carried out by trained doctors and nurses. They should not be confused with very mild glycolic peels available from beauty therapists.
The Microneedle Therapy System or MTS-Roller™ is marketed for the treatment of Medical Skin Needling.
Using a Neostrata peel regimen, you'll see healthier, younger-looking skin. Nesotrata peels can be used on the face, the neck, the chest and the hands.
Blue Peel significantly improves skin tightness and reduces fine lines, wrinkles, acne scars, large pores and hyperpigmentation.
The Pearl™ YSGG laser is the first of its kind to use a 2790nm wavelength to improve the appearance of wrinkles, uneven texture, age spots and sun damage with minimal downtime.
Phenol peels are not very commonly used, but can be very effective, in experienced hands, as a skin resurfacing method for reducing the appearance of deeper lines and wrinkles.
The Pixel 2940 laser device uses fractional ablative technology aimed at rejuvenating aged and sun damaged skin with less downtime than is associated with traditional ablative laser skin resurfacing.
Réjuvapen is used to treat the signs of ageing, scarring, burns, and uneven skin tone by activating cell regeneration and enhancing the absorption of active serums and topical agents through collagen induction therapy or medical skin needling.
The Roll-CIT™ from Environ® marketed for the treatment of Medical Skin Needling is the patent pending creation of Dr Des Fernandes, a South African Plastic Surgeon.
SkinCeuticals Gel Peel is ideal for those people who want to prep their skin prior to a more invasive peel. They can help to treat acne, dry skin, fine lines and wrinkles, photodamage and ageing skin.
SkinPen Precision System is a clinically-proven, medical micro-needling device, made by the American company Bellus Medical, that can help improve the appearance of facial acne scars, reduce the signs of ageing and improve skin health through collagen induction therapy.
Skintech Peels are a medical peel and can only be carried out by trained doctors and nurses. They should not be confused with very mild and gentle glycolic peels available from beauty therapists.
The Perfect Peel is founded on a key anti-ageing ingredient never before used in a chemical peel: Glutathione. It can be used on all skin types and requires no pre-peel skin preparation.
The Theraderm Peel is a superficial Jessner's solution chemical peel comprised of resorcinol, lactic acid, and salicylic acid.