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A combination of surgical and non-surgical cosmetic procedures can be used for a process known as facial feminisation. This is designed for those transitioning from male to female who need correction and enhancement to bring their facial features more in line with the size and shape of feminine facial features. This may include surgical procedures to alter bony or soft tissue structures or non-surgical treatments to alter contours and volume prominences. Transgender patients have many more options available to them nowadays and many clinics offer bespoke and discreet services. This may also include the removal of unwanted hair.
The female menopause, and male andropause, can cause symptoms such as a lack of energy, sweats or hot flushes, mood swings and reduced libido. Bio-Identical Hormone Replacement Therapy (BHRT) is an alternative treatment to the synthetic hormones, used in conventional Hormone Replacement Therapies (HRT).
Upper and lower eyelid surgery or Blepharoplasties can help restore a more youthful appearance by tightening droopy or hooded eyelids and removing or moving fatty pouches beneath the eyes.
Botulinum toxin type A, know by the brand names Botox (Vistabel), Dysport (Azzalure) and Xeomin (Bocouture), is a naturally occurring protein produced by the bacterium clostridium botulinum. It is licensed as a prescription only medicine and can be used to treat wrinkles like frown lines and crow`s feet as well as hyperhidrosis or excessive sweating. As a prescription only medicine, it requires a face-to-face consultation to determine your suitability for treatment.
The muscles under the skin of the forehead that cause lines can be released to help create a smoother brow. This can be performed using an endoscopic forehead or brow lift.
Dermal fillers are made of various kinds of natural, man-made or synthetic materials that have been developed for injection into the skin and lips; including hyaluronic acid.
The first recorded use of electricity for epilation or hair removal was in 1875. Currently, needle-type electrolysis is the only method which can guarantee permanent hair removal. Advanced techniques are used to also remove lumps and bumps such as moles and warts.
A face lift or rhytidectomy can reduce the appearance of loose skin and wrinkles around the cheeks and neck, by tightening the muscles and removing excess skin and fat, restoring a more youthful look.
Facial implants for areas such as the cheek or chin are used to correct defects, which have existed since birth, or by cosmetic surgeons for malarplasty (reshaping of the cheeks and jaw line)
Fat transfer, fat transplantation or microlipoinjection involves the collection of fat via liposuction for re-injection into other areas of the face and body.
Unlike ablative and non-ablative lasers Fractional Laser Skin Resurfacing (Fractional Photothermolysis) only damages small zones within a target area, causing fractional trauma and quicker recovery.
Chin Surgery or Genioplasty refers to cosmetic surgery operations that aim to improve the appearance of a person`s chin.
Unlike dermal fillers which are aimed at mechanically filling wrinkles, folds and skin depressions, tissue stimulators are injectable products which cause a biological reaction in the tissue.
Many different types of Laser and IPL, or LHE devices have been developed to remove body hair to a significant degree. This section contains more info on treatment cost, side effects and UK clinics.
Laser, Intense Pulsed Light (IPL), Light Heat Energy (LHE) and Light Emitting Diode (LED)technologies have been developed to treat a variety of skin problems including sun damage effects and wrinkles.
Laser skin resurfacing involves the removal of the outer layer of the skin using an ablative laser to improve the appearance of sun damaged skin or acne scars, lines, wrinkles, and pigment changes.
The specialist techniques used to create semi-permanent make-up are often referred to as micropigmentation and provide an alternative to cosmetic pencils applied to the eyebrows, eyelids and lips.
Plasma Sublimation or Soft Surgery allows the treatments of the signs of ageing and skin complaints, without actually cutting the skin. It can be used for non-surgical eyelid reconstruction (blepharoplasty), removing lines around the mouth, improvement in the appearance scars and treating a number of skin imperfections.
Cosmetic Rhinoplasty or a nose job is a range of surgical procedures which are used to re-shape the nose, or correct nasal deformities to relieve blockages in the nose.
3JUVE from Lynton Lasers combines three of the most popular, non-invasive anti-ageing technologies for the three main symptoms that ageing skin can exhibit: lines/wrinkles, discolouration and a loss of firmness.
Algeness is a dermal filler product made from purified agarose gel, a polysaccharide polymer that is extracted from red algae. It is used for injecting into fine lines and wrinkles, and for lip contouring, as well as for medium and deep revolumising of the face; with lasting results of up to 12 months.
Aliaxin® is a monophasic dermal filler product range containing a combination of well-defined molecular weights of hyaluronic acid for long-lasting results.
amalian is a range of mono-phasic and bi-phasic hyaluronic acid based dermal fillers manufactured in Germany.
Aquamid ™ contains about 2-3% of cross-linked polyacrylamide gel network and water. Aquamid™ has been used for aesthetic correction for more than ten years in the previous Soviet Union and Europe.
Azzalure ®, botulinum toxin type A, has been available since the early 1990s as Dysport ® but is licensed in the UK as a prescription only medicine for cosmetic use to treat frown lines and crow`s feet under the name Azzalure. You will require a face-to-face consultation with a prescriber to determine your suitability for treatment.
Belotero ® is a new monophasic double crosslinked hyaluronic acid designed from biofermentation using Cohesive Polydensified Matrix (CPM) technology to increase facial volume and fill wrinkles.
BOCOUTURE ®, botulinum toxin type A, has been available in the U.K. since 2008 as the brand name Xeomin ®. Both are prescription only medicines. You will require a face-to-face consultation with a prescriber to determine your suitability for treatment.
Botox ®, botulinum toxin type A, was the first botulinum toxin to gain a cosmetic licence in the UK. It is a prescription-only medicine and is licensed to treat a variety of medical and cosmetic concerns, including certain wrinkles and excessive sweating. You will require a face-to-face consultation with a prescriber to determine your suitability for treatment.
DERMAFILL® is the first of a so-called ‘4th generation’ of safer, and more effective, pure, monophasic injectable hyaluronic acid based dermal fillers which exceed the stricter standards imposed by the American Food and Drug Administration (FDA) for very low levels of BDDE in filler products.
Dysport ®, botulinum toxin type A, has been available in the U.K. since the early 1990s. It is a prescription only medicine and is also approved for some cosmetic uses in the UK under the brand name Azzalure ®. You will require a face-to-face consultation with a prescriber to determine your suitability for treatment.
Ellansé is a new and unique non-animal, non-bacterial and non-human derived dermal filler family which are said by the manufacturer to be cost-effective by requiring less product, compared to others, for the same indications.
The Fraxel™ SR machine was launched in the USA at the end of 2004. The current Fraxel range includes three fractional lasers - two for non-ablative treatments and one for ablative treatment; Fraxel Re:fine™, Re:store™ (also available as Re:store Dual) and Re:pair™.
Intraline® is an innovative, cross-linked, hyaluronic acid based dermal filler used for wrinkle reduction, facial contouring, lip enhancement, and other facial imperfections. It is manufactured in Sweden by Bohus BioTech AB, using hyaluronic acid sourced from France.
Juvéderm® ULTRA and Juvéderm® ULTRA Smile is an advanced, cohesive, 3D hyaluronic acid matrix dermal filler with local anaesthetic, manufactured by Allergan; the makers of Botox® / Vistabel®.
Juvéderm® VOLUMA is a hyaluronic acid dermal filler used for recontouring and restoring the face in the case of age-releated volume loss in the cheek bone and chin regions. According to the makers, it delivers dramatic improvement in tissue quality, even in challenging areas, and is complementary to other aesthetic treatments and dermal filler procedures.
Juvéderm ® VOLIFT, VOLBELLA, VOLITE and VOLUMA are part of the Juvéderm VYCROSS ® Collection of hyaluronic acid-based fillers which are designed to add volume, restore contours, plus smooth out lines and wrinkles.
Juvéderm® HYDRATE is part of the Juvéderm® ULTRA family of dermal fillers which contain hyaluronic acid and the anti-oxidant, mannitol. It is designed to improve skin hydration and elasticity by replacing HA lost through ageing.
Neurobloc ®, botulinum toxin type B, became available in the UK in 2001. There is limited experience in the use of this type of toxin, and the product does not currently have a licence or approval for cosmetic use anywhere in the world. You will require a face-to-face consultation with an experienced prescriber to determine your suitability for treatment.
The Pearl™ YSGG laser is the first of its kind to use a 2790nm wavelength to improve the appearance of wrinkles, uneven texture, age spots and sun damage with minimal downtime.
Perfectha® from Laboratory ObvieLine (a Sinclair IS Pharma company) is a highly advanced hyaluronic acid gel dermal filler, cross-linked by E-brid® technology and developed to fill out wrinkles, hydrate the skin and add volume.
The Pixel 2940 laser device uses fractional ablative technology aimed at rejuvenating aged and sun damaged skin with less downtime than is associated with traditional ablative laser skin resurfacing.
The Plasma IQ utilises the fourth state of matter: Plasma, used for a treatment method called plasma sublimation. It is used to improve lines and wrinkles, scars and stretch marks, as well as non-surgical blepharoplasty.
The Plexr soft surgery system uses the fourth state of matter, plasma, and is marketed for use as a non-surgical blepharoplasty, or soft eyelid surgery.
The Princess® range of dermal fillers are designed to combat the signs of ageing, with natural results. They are produced by the Austrian company Croma-Pharma GmbH, a company with a long history of creating hyaluronic acid (HA).
It is the first stabilised hyaluronic acid (HA) based product which is manufactured without the use of chemical cross-linking agents (BDDE) and is used for skin remodelling and treating skin laxity, not for just filling lines and wrinkles. According to the makers, it delivers dramatic improvement in tissue quality, even in challenging areas, and is complementary to other aesthetic treatments and dermal filler procedures.
Radiesse, launched in the US as Radiance FN, is a medical device designed for the correction of small and large soft tissue deficits, but can also be use for facial shaping and contouring.
The Restylane range consists of hyaluronic acid dermal fillers incorporating the EMERVEL collection (Lyft (Perlane), Refyne, Fynesse, Volyme, Kysse, Defyne), all specifically designed for injection into the face.
Revanesse and Redexis are two new monophasic, non-animal hyaluronic acid based dermal filler brands manufactured in Canada by Prollenium and distributed in the UK by Boston Medical Group Ltd.
Sculptra (Formerly New-Fill) is a tissue stimulator and is used more as a sculpting and volumising agent rather than just a wrinkle filler. Sculptra contains Poly-L-lactic acid.
The Soprano ICE is the latest hair removal laser system from Alma Lasers utilising the latest in Super Hair Removal for permanent hair reduction.
Manufactured by the French company Vivacy Laboratories, Stylage® is the first hyaluronic acid dermal filler with local anaesthetic lidocaine (lignocaine) and an antioxidant, in the form of mannitol, all within one product.
Uma Jeunesse is a hyaluronic acid based dermal filler aimed at treating lines and wrinkles, naso-labial (nose to mouth) lines, marionette (mouth to chin) lines, sagging cheeks, as well as contouring lips, temples and noses.
Varioderm™ consists of a range of very highly cross-linked, pure non-animal hyaluronic acid fillers available in 4 concentrations for the treatment of lines, wrinkles and facial contouring.
Botox ®, botulinum toxin type A is also licensed as a prescription only medicine for cosmetic use in the UK under the brand name Vistabel® with dosing specific to treat glabellar (frown) lines. You will require a face-to-face consultation with a prescriber to determine your suitability for treatment.
Xela Rederm is a non-crosslinked, high molecular weight hyaluronic acid (HA) based injectable product which is combined with succinic acid. It is made in Italy by Institute Hyalual.
Xeomin® is the third botulinum toxin type A licensed in the UK as a prescription only medicine. It is an innovative Botulinum type A formulation, in which the complexing proteins have been removed. You will require a face-to-face consultation with a prescriber to determine your suitability for treatment.