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Acne is a chronic inflammatory disease of the sebaceous hair follicles. Each follicle contains a tiny hair and multiple sebaceous glands.
Under normal circumstances, sebum, the oily substance made by the sebaceous glands, travels up the hair follicle and out to the skin`s surface. Acne vulgaris is caused by an excessive amount of oil production by the skin, blockage of the openings to the oil producing glands (resulting in tiny blackheads) and also due to a bacterium, Propionibacterium acnes (P. acnes) which causes inflammation in the blocked glands. These three factors seem to work together in order to produce the red and yellow spots so characteristic of acne.
Occasionally these spots can develop into large cysts (so called nodular or cystic acne) which often results in scarring.
Although a bacterium is involved, acne cannot be caught from other people.
Acne develops on those areas of the skin where sebaceous glands are most numerous: the face, scalp, neck, chest, back, and upper arms and shoulders.
The use of chemical peels to soften and improve the appearance of skin dates back to the ancient Egyptians. Today, scientists have identified numerous forms of acid which can be used to treat skin.
The Hydrafacial ™ hydradermabrasion treatment marketed as Skin Health For Life™ uses patented Vortex fusion tips to deeply exfoliate and cleanse the skin, as well as extracting impurities and hydrating the skin using specific serums.
The use of Light Emitting Diodes (LEDs), red, yellow and blue light sources for the treatment of acne and for skin rejuvenation.
Until recently, topical preparations and oral medications, including antibiotics, have been used almost exclusively to combat acne. Now laser & light-based technologies and photodynamic therapy had been shown to improve acne.
Microdermabrasion helps improve the texture and appearance of the skin using a stream of fine micro particles which partially removes the outermost layer of the skin and stimulates new cell growth.